Księżyce Jowisza

Artykuł zawiera podstawowe dane dotyczące 80 odkrytych naturalnych satelitów Jowisza (stan na 15 listopada 2021)[1].

NumerNazwaZdjęciePółoś wielka[2]
[tys. km]
Nachylenie orbity[2]
Mimośród orbity[2]Okres obiegu[2]
Wielkość gwiazdowa[2]
Rok odkrycia[2]
VAmalteaAmalthea Mond.jpg181,40,3800,0030,5014,11681892
IIoIo highest resolution true color frame.jpg421,80,0360,0041,775,036431610
IIIGanimedesGanymede g1 true-edit1.jpg1070,40,1770,0017,164,652621610
XVIIITemisto750743,080,242130,021,091975 / 2000[a]
XIIILeda11 16527,460,164240,920,2181974
VIHimaliaHimalia from New Horizons.jpg11 46127,500,162250,614,81601904
LXXIErsa11 48330,610,094252,022,932018
LXVPandia11 52528,150,180252,123,032017
XLizytea11 71728,300,112259,218,2381938
VIIElara11 74126,630,217259,616,6781905
LIIIDia12 11828,230,211287,022,442000
XLVIKarpo16 98951,40,430456,123,032003
LXIIValetudo18 98034,00,22533,324,012017
XXXIVEuporie19 302145,80,144550,723,122001
LVJowisz LV20 274146,40,105588,023,422003
LIIJowisz LII20 307150,40,307588,123,912010
S/2003 J 1620 567151,10,333598,623,322003
S/2003 J 220 610149,20,278602,323,722003
LXVIIIJowisz LXVIII20 627143,40,215602,623,622017
LIVJowisz LIV20 651139,80,141602,724,012016
LXIVJowisz LXIV20 694147,90,148606,323,422017
XXXVOrthosie20 721145,90,281622,623,122001
XXXIIIEuanthe20 799148,90,232620,622,832001
XXIXThyone20 940148,50,229627,322,342001
XLMneme21 069148,60,227620,023,322003
XXIIHarpalyke21 105148,60,226623,322,242000
XXXHermippe21 131150,70,210633,922,142001
XXVIIPraxidike21 147149,00,230625,321,272000
XLIIThelxinoe21 162151,40,221628,123,522003
LXEufeme21 200148,00,253627,823,422003
XLVHelike21 263154,80,156634,822,642003
XXIVJokasta21 269149,40,216631,521,852000
XIIAnanke21 276148,90,244610,518,9281951
LXXJowisz LXX21 487152,70,229639,222,832017
S/2003 J 1221 615154,70,366646,024,012003
S/2003 J 421 110149,40,497668,023,522003
LXXIIJowisz LXXII22 462163,30,233686,623,722011
LXIJowisz LXI22 757166,70,257697,623,722003
XLIIIArche22 931165,00,259723,922,832002
XXXVIIIPasithee23 096165,10,267719,523,222001
LHerse23 097164,20,200715,423,422003
XXIChaldene23 179165,20,251723,822,542000
XXXVIIKale23 217165,00,260729,523,022001
XXVIIsonoe23 217165,20,246725,522,542000
XXXIAitne23 231165,10,264730,222,732001
LXVIJowisz LXVI23 232164,30,284719,523,522017
LXIXJowisz LXIX23 233164,70,312719,624,012017
XXVErinome23 279164,90,266728,322,832000
LXIIIJowisz LXIII23 303166,40,236723,123,522017
LIJowisz LI23 314163,20,320723,223,322010
XXTaygete23 360165,20,252732,221,952000
XIKarme23 404164,90,253702,317,9461938
XXIIIKalyke23 583165,20,245743,021,852000
XLVIIEukelade23 661165,50,272746,422,642003
LVIIEirene23 732163,10,220759,722,542003
XLIVKallichore24 043165,50,264764,723,722003
S/2003 J 924 234166,30,170766,523,712003
LXVIIJowisz LXVII22 455155,20,557683,023,522017
LVIIIFilofrosyne22 820143,60,194701,323,522003
XXXIIEurydome22 865150,30,276717,322,732001
XXVIIIAutonoe23 039152,90,334762,722,042001
LVIJowisz LVI23 464148,80,332730,523,612011
XXXVISponde23 487151,00,312748,323,022001
LIXJowisz LIX23 547149,20,397734,223,822017
VIIIPazyfae23 624151,40,409708,016,9581908
XIXMegaclite23 806152,80,421752,821,762000
IXSinope23 939158,10,250724,518,3381914
XXXIXHegemone23 947155,20,328739,622,832003
XLIAoede23 981158,30,432761,522,542003
XVIICallirrhoe24 102147,10,283758,820,871999
S/2003 J 10[b]24 250164,10,214767,023,622003
XLVIIICyllene24 349149,30,319737,823,222003
XLIXKore24 543145,00,325779,223,622003
S/2003 J 2324 750146,10,321759,723,922003


  1. Ponowne odnalezienie, wyznaczenie orbity.
  2. Księżyc był obserwowany przez mniej niż rok i elementy jego orbity są wyznaczone wstępnie.


  1. Planetary Satellite Discovery Circumstances (ang.). W: Solar System Dynamics [on-line]. Jet Propulsion Laboratory, 2022-09-13. [dostęp 2021-11-15].
  2. a b c d e f g Scott S. Sheppard: Jupiter’s Known Satellites (ang.). [dostęp 2022-09-13].

Media użyte na tej stronie

This image of Thebe was taken by NASA's Galileo spacecraft on January 4, 2000, at a range of 193,000 kilometers.
Jovian satellite Metis, imaged by the Galileo spacecraft
Io highest resolution true color.jpg
Wysokiej rozdzielczości fotografia Io, księżyca Jowisza, wykonana 3 lipca 1999 roku przez sondę Galileo podczas jej najbliższego przelotu koło Io od momentu wejścia sondy na orbitę Jowisza pod koniec 1995 roku.
Bright scars on a darker surface testify to a long history of impacts on Jupiter's moon Callisto in this image of Callisto from NASA's Galileo spacecraft. The picture, taken in May 2001, is the only complete global color image of Callisto obtained by Galileo, which has been orbiting Jupiter since December 1995. Of Jupiter's four largest moons, Callisto orbits farthest from the giant planet. Callisto's surface is uniformly cratered but is not uniform in color or brightness. Scientists believe the brighter areas are mainly ice and the darker areas are highly eroded, ice-poor material.
Solar System XXX.png
This is a revised version of Solar_System_XXIX.png.
Adrastea—the moon of Jupiter by Galileo
Original Caption Released with Image: This processed color image of Jupiter was produced in 1990 by the U.S. Geological Survey from a Voyager image captured in 1979. The colors have been enhanced to bring out detail. Zones of light-colored, ascending clouds alternate with bands of dark, descending clouds. The clouds travel around the planet in alternating eastward and westward belts at speeds of up to 540 kilometers per hour. Tremendous storms as big as Earthly continents surge around the planet. The Great Red Spot (oval shape toward the lower-left) is an enormous anticyclonic storm that drifts along its belt, eventually circling the entire planet.
Amalthea Mond.jpg
Amalthea Moon
Himalia from New Horizons.jpg
Himalia, a moon of Jupiter, imaged by New Horizons, 2006. Cropped by User:Rubble pile.

Full caption from NASA reads:
Description:Irregular satellites, phase coverage
Time:2007-03-07 00:00:01 UTC
Exposure:40 msec

Range:5.5M km
Rhea true color.jpg
Cassini color image of Rhea, showing the wispy trailing hemisphere.
This image shows a view of the trailing hemisphere of Jupiter's ice-covered satellite, Europa, in approximate natural color. Long, dark lines are fractures in the crust, some of which are more than 3,000 kilometers (1,850 miles) long. The bright feature containing a central dark spot in the lower third of the image is a young impact crater some 50 kilometers (31 miles) in diameter. This crater has been provisionally named "Pwyll" for the Celtic god of the underworld. Europa is about 3,160 kilometers (1,950 miles) in diameter, or about the size of Earth's moon. This image was taken on September 7, 1996, at a range of 677,000 kilometers (417,900 miles) by the solid state imaging television camera onboard the Galileo spacecraft during its second orbit around Jupiter. The image was processed by Deutsche Forschungsanstalt fuer Luftund Raumfahrt e.V., Berlin, Germany.
Ganymede g1 true-edit1.jpg
True color image of Ganymede, obtained by the Galileo spacecraft, with enhanced contrast.

Here is the description from JPL's web entry for PIA00716:

Natural color view of Ganymede from the Galileo spacecraft during its first encounter with the satellite. North is to the top of the picture and the sun illuminates the surface from the right. The dark areas are the older, more heavily cratered regions and the light areas are younger, tectonically deformed regions. The brownish-gray color is due to mixtures of rocky materials and ice. Bright spots are geologically recent impact craters and their ejecta. The finest details that can be discerned in this picture are about 13.4 kilometers across. The images which combine for this color image were taken beginning at Universal Time 8:46:04 UT on June 26, 1996.

The Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, CA manages the mission for NASA's Office of Space Science, Washington, DC. This image and other images and data received from Galileo are posted on the World Wide Web, on the Galileo mission home page at URL http://galileo.jpl.nasa.gov. Background information and educational context for the images can be found at http://www.jpl.nasa.gov/galileo/sepo.